Rhino #2: Setting Up The Views

Camera control is one of the essential parts of creating impactful architectural images. Here's a complete guide on how to control the camera and views in Rhino.

Rhino can display perspective or orthogonal views (such as top: floor plan,  or front, back, left or right elevations).

Views and Viewports

Viewports are ‘window’s through which you look at your scene. Each viewport shows one view.
By default, Rhino shows 4 viewports (‘windows’) – three of them show orthogonal views, and one perspective.
We can change what each of these viewports show.

1-view

Maximize A View

Maximize a view by double-clicking its name.  Then double-click it again to “minimize” it again.
This is what you will do very often while working in Rhino!

Here’s how maximized view looks like:

3-max

Change A View In The Viewport

You can also change which view gets displayed where, by clicking on the arrow near the view name and selecting a view from Set View:

 

Changing View Visual Style

Rhino can display your model in different ways, from wireframes to shaded and even ‘artistic’ views.

Click arrow next to the view name to change the way its shaded from the list. Let’s try different shading modes, and select Pen because it looks cleaner for what we need now:

3-shade

 

Manipulating Views

Rotate, Pan and Zoom Views

:)Ok, so here are some view shortcuts that you need to remember forever!

Rotate perspective view : Click and drag Right mouse button. Or SHIFT + CTRL + Left mouse button.

 

Pan view (both perspective and orthogonal) : SHIFT + Right mouse button.

 

Zoom viewMouse Wheel, or CTRL + Right mouse button. I advise you use CTRL because it’s more accurate. Mouse wheel tend to “jump” too much sometimes.

 

To find out more about zoom, check out Rhino Keyboard Shortcuts:

http://docs.mcneel.com/rhino/5/help/en-us/user_interface/shortcuts.htm

 

Zoom To Objects

You will very often want to zoom the view exactly around the objects you work with.
To do that, and more, open the Set View Tab. Note different zoom options:

3-zoompanel

 

Undo View Change

This is also very important! Very often you’ll move your camera without actually wanting to, so this is where you can undo that change (see the previous image)

 

Accurate Camera Control

Camera Properties

Panning and zooming around is useful while we do the modelling, but when we really want to set up camera for rendering, we need more accurate control. We can do this via Property panel.
When no object is selected, Property will show the properties of the view:

view-propertioes

Rename the view: Let’s rename this perspective view from “2” to “StatueView”. We’ll use that so that later we are able to select and display that view again!

Change Lens To 35 (just to see the difference).

 

Show Camera In Views

By default, we can’t see the camera in the views, but we can activate it like this:

  1. Click on the arrow next to view name
  2. Select Set Camera > Show Camera
  3. See how camera is displayed in other views now. Point 3 is a camera location
  4. This point is camera target.

 

Moving Camera And Its Target

Camera target is the point we are looking at (see above image, point #4).

Select the camera point and use Gumball to move it around in any view.
Then select camera target to move it around. Try to get a view like this by moving the camera and the target around:

4-gumball
See this in action:

More information on how to use Gumball – very useful!:
http://docs.mcneel.com/rhino/5/help/en-us/commands/gumball.htm

 

Accurate Camera Placement

Sometimes it will be easier to simply click where we want our camera to be, and then click the target, instead of moving them around. Here’s how to do it:

First, make sure that the CPlane of the TOP view is at the height that we want our camera to be, at 1.7m (eye height).
So type: Cplane and then “w0,0,1.7” and enter. This will move construction plane to world point 0,0,1.7.
If this all sounds Greek to you – CPlane (construction plane) is a plane (for each view) where new objects (or the points we pick from) will be located (in top view, it’s not the same to pick the point at, say, height of 0.0, or height 1.85). You should read a bit about using CPlanes (or watch the video below):
http://docs.mcneel.com/rhino/5/help/en-us/commands/cplane.htm

 

Place camera exactly where you want it:

4-pos

Or in video:

Note the XYZ Location points, and XYZ Target. We can even edit these values manually!

Now our camera is very nicely position. If you want to fine tune what you are looking at, you can either type values, or move the Gumball of the target.

More info on camera manipulation keyboard shortcuts:

http://wiki.mcneel.com/rhino/cameramanipulation

 

Named Views

We can give each view a name and store it for later use. So for example, if we make mistake and move something, we simply click back to what we saved.

It is very recommended to use one named view for each rendering you plan to make, so you don’t lose camera position!

Save Camera View To Use It Later

To store our StatueView for later, do the following:

  1. Click StatueView name to make sure that view is active.
  2. Open Set View Tab,
  3. Then click Edit Named Views
  4. Click a little disk icon to save the currently active view – you can choose to change its name if you want.
5-named

Now you have stored the “StatueView” and can always revert to it by selecting its name:

5-restore

You can click on any of the views, and set it to StatueView.

 

Create Another Camera View

Simply using the same viewport, place again camera and target but this time to the exterior, near the top-left edge, to get a view like this (you can simply type down these values in View Property panel):

5-new

Now save it as “Pool View”, same way I just saved the StatueView.

You can now have two views, side by side:

5-two

Here’s the video:

Great, now you can maybe and try to make another view that look good, maybe interior looking outside, and save it.
Then we’ll have 3 views to render the next tutorial!

Any questions?

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